The paper “Linked Data and Visualization: Two Sides of the Transparency Coin” by Auriol Degbelo has been accepted for presentation at the upcoming UrbanGIS Workshop on Smart Cities and Urban Analytics.
Abstract: Transparency is an important element of smart cities, and ongoing work is exploring the use of available open data to maximize it. This position paper argues that Linked Data and visualization play similar roles, for different agents, in this context. Linked Data increases transparency for machines, while visualization increases transparency for humans. The work also proposes a quantitative approach to the evaluation of visualization insights which rests on two premises: (i) visualizations could be modelled as a set of statements made by authors at some point in time, and (ii) statements made by experts could be used as ground truth while evaluating how much insights are effectively conveyed by visualizations on the Web. Drawing on the linked data rating scheme of Tim Berners-Lee, the paper proposes a five-stars rating scheme for visualizations on the Web. The ideas suggested are relevant to the development of techniques to automatically assess the transparency level of existing visualizations on the Web.